15 Popular Types of Ferns

What do you call a plant which has flowerless and seedless plant and duplicate themselves with spores? The answer is a fern. This plant belongs to Pteridophyta family member. Fern use a  unique vessel to aid their water circulation. Ferns offering a matching decoration for your garden with their feather-like leaves. This is the reason why a fern becomes a number one favorite plant for a yard decoration. Ferns are originated in a dense tropical rainforest. Before you decide this plant to be added in your garden, you need to get additional information about the differences between indoor and outdoor ferns through  this article because there are types of fern which is intolerate with sun and shady environment.

Indoor Ferns

1. Staghorn Fern

Staghorn Fern

This ferns belongs to Platycerium family. This is a popular type of indoor ferns regarding from its unique feature of the leaves. It’s resembling a horn from a stag. If you want to grow them indoor, make sure that you give this staghorn fern enough dampness and humus-rich medium. Staghorn fern using a fronds antler-like rich in spores for duplicating themselves.

2. Maidenhair Fern

Maiden Fern

These ferns are the member of  Adiantum family. Maidenhair usually grow ashore and it has a delicate fronds and branched like a waxy hand. Maidenhair is a common plant discovered in a moist environments such as lagoon, pond, stream, and waterfall. Maidenhair requires a high humidity of planting media, therefore you need to prepared all of those things if you want to grow this type of fern. Maidenhair is fragile with the direct sunlight, so indirect sunlight is the best option for keeping this plant.

3. Boston Fern

Boston Fern

This type of fern usually grown in a hanging basket in front of your porch. The ideal temperature for this fern is between 60 to 75 degree of fahrenheit. Boston fern or  Nephrolepis exaltata can be recognized with their dark green leaves and arching feathers. Boston fern can’t stand in a lower temperature, so keep them in the previous temperature as it already mentioned before. Misting this plant for a dense collection of plants are also a good idea.

4. Holly Fern

Holly Fern


This fern is originated from the Eastern Continent. The reason why I put this fern into Indoor category because Holly ferns blooms in a low sunlight. Therefore it would be a good idea to grow this fern inside your house. The advantage for growing this plant are it’s deer and drought resistant. The most popular types of this fern are Polystichum lonchitis and Cyrtomium falcatum. 

Outdoor Fern

5. Bird’s Nest Fern

Bird Nest Fern

This fern consist of an Asplenium range of brushes dispersed in the genus of Asplenum serratum, Asplenium nidus, Asplenium australiasicum and Asplenium antiquum. The bird’s nest is an organic fern and it’s need lot of air nutrients and rain dampness. Make sure give this fern sufficient moisture and keep the away from  direct sunlight if you want to add this fern as your additional plant collection.

6. Cinnamon Ferns

Cinnamon Fern


The Cinnamon fern are rich in sterilized cinnamon-colored fronds and it has green leafy leaves. They need a moist and cool breeze of air to fully grown stage. They didn’t requires a complicated treatment. You just need a trimming, wet dirt and fertilizers. And there you are, a beautiful Cinnamon fern will mesmerizing your outdoor garden.

7. Asparagus Ferns

Asparagus Fern

Asparagus ferns are tough and you might want to give attention for this fern because it can also engulfed your whole garden with their branches. The botanical name for this fern are vary, start with Asparagus setaceus, Asparagus aethiopicus, Asparagus plumosus, Asparagus densiflorus and Asparagus virgatus. Don’t be deceived for its good names. this fern are not related with Asparagus. Asparagus fern is an ornamental plants equipped with cladodes stems.

8. Australian Tree Fern

Australian Tree Fern


The Australian Tree Fern is a unique fern because it’s similiar with a tree from their physical appearance. They need an adequate water and sufficient humidity. You shouldn’t sprinkled over the soil around the follicles. Otherwise, it will die for sure. This fern can grow around 4 metres in width. To grow this fern, you need to give it an indirect sunshine. And don’t forget to give a sufficient fertilizer and insectiside if necessary.

9. Japanese Painted Fern

Japanese Painted Fern


Japanese Painted Fern has a scientific names called Athyrium niponicum. It has a unique blending of silver and green color. This fern loses it’s feathers when the winter comes. Japanese Painted Fern can grown into 7 to 11 inches. If you want to grow this plant, make sure that you have enough damp soil and humidity. Or, you can plant this fern on indirect sunlight situation. Don’t put this ferns in a hot situation of summer otherwise it can burns fronds.

10. Ostrich Ferns

Ostrich Fern


The Ostrich Ferns are originated from Canada and America. This ornamental frond have a sterile ostrich tail like. They can grow to 1,5 metres until 3 metres. It has a gradually strong leaves which can grow up to 10-20 inches. They duplicate themselves by using their spores. If you want to add this fern as your garden collection, make sure that you give this fern daily fertilizers, damp dirt, and sufficient watering. That is a highly recommended action for this type of fern.

11. Horsetail Fern

Horsetail Fern

Horsetail Fern is a plant with a single genus which is the genus of Equisetum. This genera is covering about 25 species, some of them lived on the land and the other species lived on the swamp. The popular example of Equisetum debile is the Horsetail Fern.

12. Cloverleaf


The next kind of fern is cloverleaf. This fern species can be located everywhere. You can found cloverleaf in your garden, lawn or they might be hiding under the rock.  This fern species is considered as a plant with the complete body structure consisting of roots, stem and leaves. The example of this fern is the Cloverleaf. Cloverleaf usually has 4 leaves on each plant. 5 leaves cloverleaf is very rare to be found. That is why, you must be very lucky if you accidentally found Cloverleaf with 5 leaves.

13. Ancient Fern

Ancient Fern

The next species of fern is ancient fern. Most of this species is already vanished but there are 10-13 species which are still existed until today. Most of the ancient fern don’t have leaves on its stem. They only have tiny leaves called microphyl. The ancient fern photosynthesize inside their stem. The example of the ancient fern is Rhynia sp.  

14. Wire Fern

Wire Fern

Wire Fern or Lycophyta are categorized to be extinct. The member of this division has forked shape in their roots and stem. The shape of this plant resembles the pine conus. Therefore, many people called this species as the ground pine.

15. Adiantum


Adiantum is the next popular fern for your outdoor garden. Adiantum reproduce generatively with their spores which is located on the lowest edge of their leaves. Unlike the other ferns, Adiantum is very easy to recognize. The Adiantum leaves are not long in shape.

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